Installing OpenServer Release 5.0.4

This guide applies to OSR 5.0.4 ONLY

See also:

  • OSR 5.0.0
  • OSR 5.0.2
  • OSR 5.0.5
  • Add Ons
  • Install Problems

    Installing OSR 5 is very straight forward and should not cause any major problems. These notes are aimed at BDS Technical Staff and not the end user. If you are an end-user and are attempting the install then this should make sense - if not don't try it.

    These notes should be used in association with the OSR 5 release notes supplied with the system.


    Note: If there are ANY errors during the load START AGAIN, try switching OFF Internal and External cache in the BIOS during the load. If you cut corners here you may well get stuck later on.

    Make sure you have:

  • OSR 5 Boot disk
  • CD Rom
  • Serial numbers
  • User Licences (if needed)
  • SCSI Tapes should be set with an ID of 2

    SCSI CD's should be set with an ID of 5

    Installation from a SCSI CD-ROM is easiest.

    Additional, more detailed installation information is contained in these html files which are readable from the CD-ROM media prior to installation:

    info/opensrvr/english, the text version is in info/opensrvr/relnotes.txt.

    Determining your system configuration for ATAPI (EIDE) CD-ROM

    If you are uncertain of the hardware configuration of your system, but you know that the primary hard disk is attached to an IDE controller, the following information will allow you to determine the most likely configuration.

    Entries for the ATAPI CD-ROM will appear in system hardware report that is onscreen after booting. Look for lines of the following form, and especially a line with the string: type=wd:

    %adapter 0x01f0-0x01f7 14 - type=wd ha=0 id=7 bus=0 fts=d

    Here, ha=0 indicates that the ATAPI CD-ROM drive is attached to the Primary IDE controller.

    %adapter 0x0170-0x0177 15 - type=wd ha=1 id=7 bus=0 fts=d

    Here, ha=1 indicates that the ATAPI CD-ROM drive is attached to the Secondary IDE controller.

    If there is another device attached to the IDE controler, the effective SCSI ID of the CD-ROM drive is 0 if it is configured as a Master device or 1 if it is configured as a Slave device. If the other device is the primary hard disk drive, the CD-ROM drive will normally be configured as a Slave device. If your system has a primary SCSI hard disk, the CD-ROM drive may be configured as a Master device.

    If there is no other device attached to the IDE controller, the CD-ROM drive should have been configured as a Master device with an effective SCSI ID of 0.

    NOTE: The base I/O addresses and interrupt vectors shown on your system might differ from the examples shown above.

    If you are using a SCSI disk but an IDE CD ROm you MAY need to tell the system where it is configured. You should enter a "bootstring" to define this configuration. For example, if the primary hard disk drive has a SCSI ID of 0, a LUN of 0, and it is attached to the primary bus controlled by an Adaptec 2940 host adapter (which uses the alad driver), use the following bootstring:

    Boot: defbootstr Sdsk=alad(0,0,0,0)

    If you have a different SCSI host adapter, use the appropriate driver name from the following table instead of alad:

        Host adapter                                           Driver name
        Adaptec 152x                                           spad
        Adaptec 154x, 154x emulation, 164x                     ad
        Adaptec 174x                                           eiad
        Adaptec 274x (7770 chip)                               arad
        Adaptec 2940x (7870 chip)                              alad
        Future Domain 1650, 1670, 1680, 600, 700 (1800 chip)   fdha
        Future Domain 7000                                     wdha
        Future Domain 7000ex                                   wdex
        Future Domain 845, 850, 860, 885 (950 chip)            tmcha
        Olivetti ESC-1, ESC-2, and EFP                         efp
        Storage Plus SCSI-AT (SUMO)                            sumo

  • After you have started the system with the installation disk, you will need to select the installation device.

    This will normally be:

  • Enter the License Number, License Code, and the License Data that is on the Licence Certificate.

  • You should have already determined whether this installation is an Upgrade or and Fresh Installation. This Document assumes you are doing a Fresh Installation however, there is not much difference between the two.

    It is strongly recommended you do a FRESH install.

    Note: The computer Name, IP address and domain will be on the configuration form. DO NOT just pick something off the top of your head.

  • You will need to give your computer a unique name.
  • Type in the domain that this computer will reside in, if they already have an ISP then use the domain issued by them otherwise use 'uucp'.

  • Adjust the timezone to your area - GMT

  • The security profile determines how the system integrity is handled. There are four levels.
    1. Low - No security features
    2. Traditional
    3. Improved
    4. High - Maximum security available.
    In general pick 'Traditional'.
  • Select language - UK English

  • Configure the hard disk to suit your need.  Do not use the entire disk for root, as the root partitions is usually the first to fail.
    You have three options on how to configure the disk(s)
    1. Use Entire Disk for UNIX
    2. Custom
    3. Interactive fdisk/divvy

    The 'Customise' option is by far the easiest to use.

    Swap Minimum 64Mb, not less than 2 x installed RAM
    Root Minimum 600Mb, no more than 1Gb
    u Split the rest of the disk into as many areas as required.
    Generally make no one filesystem larger than 2Gb and not smaller then 500Mb.

  • Bad Tracking: If you want but will add time, not normally needed for modern disks.

  • Select the software that you will install.
  • Unless told otherwise pick the 'Standard Enterprise Version', this gives full access to all the networking utilities and tools.

  • If you have a network card, you can add it or if you are unsure of the type then try to Autodetect it.
    Note: To save a lot of time and effort, use only supported network cards, certainly NOT NE2000 clones.
    Failing that, set it to 'deferred', read the documentation on the card supplied. You can use netconfig once the install has finished.

  • If this computer is going to be part of a network, then you will need to assign it an IP address.

    There are 3 IP address ranges available for use in a Private Network: to to to

    Given that 192.168.x.0 is the Network Address and 192.168.x.255 is the Broadcast Address.

  • Configure you video card, or you can leave it as IBM VGA
    Use a supported video card, failing that install the generic VESA drives before the system is shipped. Performance is not great but better than nothing.

    Leave the resolution set at default at present, this can be reconfigured once the install has finished.

  • Configure the mouse to suit your needs. Don't leave it out, using X-Windows without a mouse is imposible. For serial mice, use 'Microsoft serial Mouse - Com 1' or Keyboard mouse if installed.

    Note: Make sure, if a keyboard mouse is selected that it is installed. If not you may have problems with keyboard lock ups.

  • Next select the MTA - Mail Transport Agent
    It does not matter what you select as we replace it with smail during the install.

  • You will need to assign a password to the root user, as this user is the master of the system. Stick with password. If you do change it you MUST make a note of it as it will be required for other programs after the install is finished, (even if it is later changed with passwd.)

    The load of the software is automatic from this point on. If any errors occur, try a 'retry' otherwise start again.

    Once installed re-boot as advised.

    To speed things up and reduce the load, go into single user mode and disable scologin with : scologin disable

    If there are any additional user licences, install them via: scoadmin -> licence manager

    You will still need to register but this can be done at a later point. It may be easier to continue with the rest and register when install finished.

    Register Enterprise/User licences by visiting www.sco.com.


    Comments and suggestions always welcome - tom@tkrh.demon.co.uk